Martin Robert Gaudinski, & Joshua D. Milner (2017). Atopic Dermatitis and Allergic Urticaria: Cutaneous Manifestations of Immunodeficiency. Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America, 37(1), 1-10.
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common inflammatory condition of the skin that has a broad clinical spectrum leading to frequent misdiagnosis.
The characteristic features of AD, including age of onset, distribution, severe pruritus, xerosis, lichenification, and association with atopy, can help distinguish AD from common mimickers.
The differential diagnosis of AD in children and adults includes seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, allergic contact dermatitis, molluscum dermatitis, tinea corporis, mycosis fungoides, dermatomyositis, pityriasis lichenoides chronica, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, polymorphous light eruption, actinic prurigo, and nutritional deficiency.
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