Panteliadis CP, Hagel C, Karch D, Heinemann K. Cerebral Palsy: A Lifelong Challenge Asks for Early Intervention. Open Neurol J. 2015 Jun 26;9:45-52. doi: 10.2174/1874205X01509010045. eCollection 2015. PubMed PMID: 26191093; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4503828.
One of the oldest and probably well-known examples of cerebral palsy is the mummy of the Pharaoh Siptah about 1196-1190 B.C., and a letter from Hippocrates (460-390 B.C.). Cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the most common congenital or acquired neurological impairments in paediatric patients, and refers to a group of children with motor disability and related functional defects. The visible core of CP is characterized by abnormal coordination of movements and/or muscle tone which manifest very early in the development. Resulting from pre- or perinatal brain damage CP is not a progressive condition per se. However, without systematic medical and physiotherapeutic support the dystonia leads to muscle contractions and to deterioration of the handicap. Here we review the three general spastic manifestations of CP hemiplegia, diplegia and tetraplegia, describe the diagnostic procedures and delineate a time schedule for an early intervention.
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