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Do Breastfed Children have a Lower Chance of Developing Mouth Breathing? A Systematic …

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Savian CM, Bolsson GB, Botton G, Antoniazzi RP, de Oliveira Rocha R, Zanatta FB, Santos BZ. Do breastfed children have a lower chance of developing mouth breathing? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Oral Investig. 2021 Apr;25(4):1641-1654. doi: 10.1007/s00784-021-03791-1. Epub 2021 Jan 27. PMID: 33506425.

Determine the association between breastfeeding and the development of mouth breathing in children.

Materials and Methods
Seven databases were searched for studies investigating the association between the type of feeding and the development of the breathing pattern in children. Descriptive analysis and meta-analysis were performed, with the calculation of the prevalence and likelihood (odds ratios (95% CI)) of mouth breathing according to the duration of breastfeeding.

The overall prevalence of mouth breathing was 44% (95% CI: 38-49) (N total = 1182). Breastfeeding was a protection factor against the development of mouth breathing (OR = 0.62; 95% CI: 0.41-0.93). The likelihood of developing mouth breathing was 41% and 34% lower among children that were breastfed for more than 12 and more than 24 months, respectively. No association was found between exclusive breastfeeding for up to 6 months and the occurrence of mouth breathing (OR = 0.60; 95% CI: 0.31-1.18).

Due to the scarcity of cohort studies that met the inclusion criteria and the low certainty of the evidence, no strong evidence-based conclusion can be drawn. However, breastfeeding should be encouraged due to its possible protective effect, evidenced by the substantial reduction in the prevalence of mouth breathing pattern when performed for up to 2 years. Exclusive breastfeeding was not associated with the development of the breathing pattern.

Clinical Relevance
The results reveal that breastfeeding can protect children from the development of mouth breathing. Thus, healthcare providers should offer support so that mothers feel prepared and encouraged to perform breastfeeding.

Disponível Em: <https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/>