World Health Organization (WHO). Management of Tuberculosis in Children and Adolescents.
In 2020, approximately 1.1 million children and adolescents under 15 years fell ill with TB globally.
226 000 children and adolescents lost their lives from this preventable and curable disease in 2020.
21 000 (or 9%) of the children and young adolescents under 15 years who died of TB were living with HIV.
In 2020, an estimated 63 % of children and young adolescents below 15 years with TB were not reported or didn’t get access to life-saving TB diagnosis and treatment services; the proportion was even higher – 72% – for children under 5.
Progress towards reaching the targets set at the UN High Level Meeting is lagging behind:
– Approximately 1.4 million children were diagnosed and notified between 2018 and 2020, which is only 41% of the 2022 target of 3.5 million.
Only 12 200 children started treatment for MDR/RR TB in that period, which translates to less than 11% of the 2022 target.
Only 29% of eligible children under 5 years accessed TB preventive treatment between 2018 and 2020. Almost two thirds of eligible children under 5 years therefore remain at risk of getting sick with TB.
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