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Maternal and Fetal Outcomes of Dengue Fever in Pregnancy: a Large Prospective and …

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Brar, R., Sikka, P., Suri, V. et al. Maternal and fetal outcomes of dengue fever in pregnancy: a large prospective and descriptive observational study. Arch Gynecol Obstet 304, 91–100 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00404-020-05930-7

The primary objective of the study was to assess maternal and fetal outcomes of pregnancies affected with dengue fever.

This was a prospective, observational and descriptive study carried out over a period of 1 year. 216 pregnant women with fever were screened. Of these, 44 women tested positive for dengue (non-structural protein antigen 1 or dengue IgM antibodies in the sera). The clinical and laboratory characteristics of women with dengue were recorded. Maternal outcomes, pregnancy outcomes and fetal outcomes were studied.

Mean period of gestation was 31.89 ± 7.31 weeks. Thrombocytopenia was seen in 23 (52.3%) women. Of 40 women, 10 (25%) developed post-partum haemorrhage. The incidence of maternal systemic complications was high: eight (18.2%) women developed acute kidney injury and two (4.5%) required haemodialysis support; eight (18.2%) women developed ARDS and seven (15.9%) women required ventilatory support; four (9.1%) women developed acute liver failure. 18 (40.9%) women had evidence of shock. Seven (15.9%) women died and another seven (15.9%) were classified as WHO maternal near-miss cases. Two (4.5%) pregnancies suffered from miscarriages, four (9%) from still births and two (4.5%) from neonatal deaths. Preterm babies were delivered in 15 (34.1%) and low birth weight babies in 13 (29.5%).

Dengue in pregnancy adversely affects maternal and fetal outcomes with high maternal mortality of 15.9%. Prematurity and postpartum haemorrhage are significant risks to mother and baby. Vector control strategies should be implemented with vigour in affected areas.

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