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One March, Many paths: Insights into Allergic March Trajectories

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Gabryszewski SJ, Hill DA. One march, many paths: Insights into allergic march trajectories. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2021;127(3):293-300. doi:10.1016/j.anai.2021.04.036

The classical allergic march model posits that atopy begins in infancy with atopic dermatitis and progresses to asthma and allergic rhinitis in a subset of individuals. The growing prevalence and severity of allergic diseases have prompted renewed interest in refining this model. This review outlines epidemiologic evidence for the existence of allergic march trajectories (distinct paths of atopy development in individuals); reviews the roles that genetics, environment, and disease endotypes play in determining trajectory outcomes; and discusses the clinical utility of the trajectory model.

Data Sources
PubMed search of English-language articles and reviews without date limits pertaining to the epidemiology, genetics, and immunologic mechanisms of allergic march trajectories and disease endotypes.

Study Selections
Studies and reviews were selected based on their high quality and direct relevance to the review topic.

Recent work in the field has revealed that immunoglobulin E-mediated food allergy and eosinophilic esophagitis are components of the allergic march. Furthermore, the field is acknowledging that variability exists in the number and sequence of allergic manifestations that individuals develop. These allergic march pathways, or trajectories, are influenced by genetic, environmental, and psychosocial factors that are incompletely understood.

Continued elucidation of the landscape and origins of allergic march trajectories will inform efforts to personalize allergic disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.

Disponível Em: <https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/>