Barfield WD. Public Health Implications of Very Preterm Birth. Clin Perinatol. 2018 Sep;45(3):565-577. doi: 10.1016/j.clp.2018.05.007. PMID: 30144856; PMCID: PMC6193262.
Infants born very preterm (<32 weeks gestation) are at increased risk for death, medical complications, and neurodevelopmental sequelae. The World Health Organization defines preterm birth before 37 weeks gestation with subcategories including very preterm birth, and extreme preterm birth (<28 weeks gestation). 1 Worldwide, it is estimated more than 1 in 10 infants were born preterm in 2013, accounting for approximately 15 million premature babies. 2 Among these, 1 million children younger than age 5 die annually because of complications related to preterm birth. 2 In developing countries, the measurement of very preterm birth and extreme preterm birth is more challenging and mortality is extremely high (…)
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