McDonald S, Kehler H, Bayrampour H, Fraser-Lee N, Tough S. Risk and protective factors in early child development: Results from the All Our Babies (AOB) pregnancy cohort. Res Dev Disabil. 2016 Nov;58:20-30. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2016.08.010. Epub 2016 Aug 30. PubMed PMID: 27587353.
Understanding factors that protect against early developmental delay among children who are experiencing adversity can inform prevention and early intervention strategies.
To identify risk factors for development delay at one year and protective factors for developmental delay in ‘at risk’ environments (poor maternal mental health and socio-demographic risk).
Methods and Procedures
Data was analyzed from 3360 mother-child dyads who participated in the All Our Babies (AOB) pregnancy cohort. Participants completed four questionnaires spanning pregnancy to one year postpartum and provided access to medical records. Risk factors for developmental delay at age one were identified using bivariate methods and multivariable modeling. Protective factors for child development in ‘at risk’ family environments were identified using bivariate analyses.
Outcomes and Results
At one year, 17% of children were developmentally delayed, defined as scoring in the monitoring zone on at least 2 of the 5 developmental domains of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire. Prenatal depression, preterm birth, low community engagement, and non-daily parent-child interaction increased the risk of delay. Protective factors for children in ‘at risk’ environments included relationship happiness, parenting self-efficacy, community engagement, higher social support, and daily parent-child interaction.
Conclusions and Implications
The study results suggest that maternal and infant outcomes would be improved, even for vulnerable women, through identification and intervention to address poor mental health and through normalizing engagement with low cost, accessible community resources that can also support parent-child interaction.
Disponível Em: <https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/>