The FIGO Textbook of Pregnancy Hypertension: An evidence-based guide to monitoring, prevention and management. Edited by: Laura A. Magee MD, FRCPC, FACP Peter von Dadelszen MBChB, DPhil, FRANZCOG William Stones MD, FRCOG Matthews Mathai MD, PhD, FRCOG. ISBN: 978-0-9927545-5-6.
Hypertensive disorders complicate 5–10% of pregnancies worldwide, with limited data suggesting an upward trend in incidence most likely related to increasing maternal weight and sedentary lifestyle (Chapter 4). With few differences, all international societies define the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy as chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia (Chapter 3). Although women with pre-eclampsia have the greatest risk of maternal and perinatal complications, what constitutes pre-eclampsia is controversial, and diagnostic distinctions are often blurred. As such, it is important to view all women with a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy and their babies as being at increased risk of mortality and morbidity, and act accordingly. Pre-eclampsia remains one of the top five causes of maternal and perinatal mortality worldwide.