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The impact of Asthma in Brazil: a Longitudinal Analysis of Data From a …

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Cardoso, Thiago de Araujo, Roncada, Cristian, Silva, Emerson Rodrigues da, Pinto, Leonardo Araujo, Jones, Marcus Herbert, Stein, Renato Tetelbon, & Pitrez, Paulo Márcio. (2017). The impact of asthma in Brazil: a longitudinal analysis of data from a Brazilian national database system. Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia, 43(3), 163-168. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1806-37562016000000352

To present official longitudinal data on the impact of asthma in Brazil between 2008 and 2013.

This was a descriptive study of data collected between 2008 and 2013 from an official Brazilian national database, including data on asthma-related number of hospitalizations, mortality, and hospitalization costs. A geographical subanalysis was also performed.

In 2013, 2,047 people died from asthma in Brazil (5 deaths/day), with more than 120,000 asthma-related hospitalizations. During the whole study period, the absolute number of asthma-related deaths and of hospitalizations decreased by 10% and 36%, respectively. However, the in-hospital mortality rate increased by approximately 25% in that period. The geographic subanalysis showed that the northern/northeastern and southeastern regions had the highest asthma-related hospitalization and in-hospital mortality rates, respectively. An analysis of the states representative of the regions of Brazil revealed discrepancies between the numbers of asthma-related hospitalizations and asthma-related in-hospital mortality rates. During the study period, the cost of asthma-related hospitalizations to the public health care system was US$ 170 million.

Although the numbers of asthma-related deaths and hospital admissions in Brazil have been decreasing since 2009, the absolute numbers are still high, resulting in elevated direct and indirect costs for the society. This shows the relevance of the burden of asthma in middle-income countries.

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