Mo YD, Delaney M. Transfusion in Pediatric Patients: Review of Evidence-Based Guidelines. Clin Lab Med. 2021;41(1):1-14. doi:10.1016/j.cll.2020.10.001
Children require transfusion of blood components for a vast array of medical conditions, including acute hemorrhage, hematologic and nonhematologic malignancies, hemoglobinopathy, and allogeneic and autologous stem cell transplant. Evidence-based literature on pediatric transfusion practices is limited, particularly for non-red blood cell products, and many recommendations are extrapolated from studies in adult populations. Recognition of these knowledge gaps has led to increasing numbers of clinical trials focusing on children and establishment of pediatric transfusion working groups in recent years. This article reviews existing literature on pediatric transfusion therapy within the larger context of analogous data in adult populations.
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