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Early Life Antibiotic Exposure and Host Health: Role of the Microbiota-immune Interaction

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Wang T, Udomkittivorakul N, Bonfield M, Nadeem A, Gray J, Deshmukh H. Early life antibiotic exposure and host health: Role of the microbiota-immune interaction. Semin Perinatol. 2020 Dec;44(8):151323. doi: 10.1016/j.semperi.2020.151323. Epub 2020 Oct 12. PMID: 33187735.

The neonatal population is at high risk for infections secondary to a unique, developing immune system. While a multitude of factors direct the development of the immune system, the role of environmental exposures on the microbiota may play a critical and potentially modifiable role. Recent evidence suggests that the disruption of the microbiota through the use of antibiotics not only leads to an immediately increased risk for neonatal complications but also long-term health issues related to autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. The exact cellular and molecular mechanisms behind these associations between the microbiota and neonatal outcomes are still under investigation. This review will examine the mechanistic interactions between the microbiota and the immune system, particularly in early life, along with how antibiotic mediated aberrations of the microbiome potentially lead to disease.

Disponível Em: <https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/>