Martins BMR, Abreu I, Méio MDB, Moreira MEL. Gastroschisis in the neonatal period: A prospective case-series in a Brazilian referral center. J Pediatr Surg. 2020, 55(8):1546-1551.
Gastroschisis is increasing in incidence and has low mortality and high morbidity. We describe the clinical and surgical characteristics of gastroschisis patients in a Brazilian referral center.
Single-center prospective case series of gastroschisis patients. The following two groups were formed depending on the intestinal characteristics: simple and complex patients.
In total, 79 patients were enrolled, 89% of whom were classified as simple and 11% as complex. The baseline characteristics were similar between the groups, with the exception of the illness severity score. The complex group had a significantly smaller defect size, more reoperations and worse clinical outcomes than the simple group, with the initiation of feeding taking 1.5 times longer, the duration of total parenteral nutrition taking twice as long, and the length of hospitalization being 2.5 times longer; the complex group also included all the deaths that occurred. Overall, the survival rate was 96%. Patients who underwent the sutureless technique had significantly fewer wound infections and a decreased duration of mechanical ventilation than sutured patients.
This study provides a comprehensive picture of gastroschisis during the neonatal period in a Brazilian referral center, emphasizing the significantly higher risk for morbidity and mortality among complex patients than among simple patients and the few advantages of the sutureless technique over the sutured technique in terms of closing the defect.
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