WHO (World Health Organization). Investment case for eliminating mother-to-child transmission of syphilis: Promoting better maternal and child health and stronger health systems. Geneva: WHO, 2012.
This document uses the term mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of syphilis throughout, but it should be noted that most of the related literature to date uses the term congenital syphilis. The term MTCT is preferred, as it better reflects the range of adverse outcomes that occur when syphilis is transmitted from mother to child. MTCT of syphilis is any adverse outcome in a fetus or neonate associated with syphilis infection in a pregnant woman. Adverse outcomes include early fetal loss, stillbirth, neonatal death, prematurity, low birth weight and clinical evidence of syphilis in a neonate.
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