Neu J, Weiss MD. Necrotizing enterocolitis: pathophysiology and prevention. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1999 Sep-Oct;23(5 Suppl):S13-7. Review. PubMed PMID: 10483886.
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common gastrointestinal emergency in the neonatal intensive care unit. It is a disease of medical progress in that more very low-birth-weight neonates are surviving than ever before and are thus susceptible to this potentially devastating disease. NEC received very little attention in the literature before the 1970s but now is well known to all neonatologists and pediatric surgeons. The 1500 to 2000 infants that die every year from this disease in the United States and the large number of infants who develop short gut syndrome from this disease only represent the tip of the iceberg of the problems NEC causes. The widespread fear of NEC among neonatologists and pediatric surgeons has contributed in large part to the use of the IV route rather than the gastrointestinal tract for nourishing these infants for relatively long periods. The consequences of this include a high incidence of sepsis, high hospital costs, and potential long-term neurodevelopmental disability because of poor nutrition during a very vulnerable period of growth and development. The purpose of this review is to provide a brief overview of the clinical presentation and current treatment for NEC, then provide a discussion of the pathophysiology on which strategies for prevention can be formulated.
Disponível em: <https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10483886>