Walsh MC, Kliegman RM. Necrotizing enterocolitis: treatment based on staging criteria. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1986 Feb;33(1):179-201. doi: 10.1016/s0031-3955(16)34975-6. PMID: 3081865; PMCID: PMC7131118.
Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis is the most important cause of acquired gastrointestinal morbidity or mortality among low birthweight infants. Prematurity alone is probably the only identifiable risk factor. Although the etiology is unknown NEC has many similarities to an infectious disease. Proper staging helps improve reporting and the management of NEC.
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