Bronfenbrenner, U., & Morris, P. A. (1998). The ecology of developmental processes. In W. Damon & R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Theoretical models of human development (p. 993–1028). John Wiley & Sons Inc.
In this chapter, we undertake to bring together and to integrate significant changes in the ecological model of human development that have been introduced since the most recent integrative effort, which was published in the preceding edition of this Handbook, now well over a decade ago (Bronfenbrenner & Crouter, 1983). Two considerations dictate the need for a new integration. First, the main focus of that chapter was on the empirical and theoretical roots of a model already in use that centered on the role of the environment in shaping development. By contrast, the present chapter is oriented toward the future, and data from the future are not yet available. Second, and we hope of greater consequence, the present model introduces major theoretical innovations both in form and content. The purpose of the present chapter, however, is better served by presenting the model in its current, albeit still-evolving form, now called the bioecological model. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
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