Kahraman, Ayşe & Başbakkal, Zümrüt & Yalaz, Mehmet & Sozmen, Eser. (2017). The Effect of Nesting Positions On Pain, Stress And Comfort During Heel Lance In Premature İnfants. Pediatrics & Neonatology. 59. 10.1016/j.pedneo.2017.11.010.
Nesting positions are commonly used in procedural analgesic administration in premature neonates. The effectiveness of nesting positions is questioned. The aim of the this study was to assess the pain, stress, comfort and salivary cortisol and melatonin values in nesting positions during the heel lance procedure in premature infants at the NICU.
Experimental research; repeated measurement design. The sample comprised 33 premature neonates with gestational age of 31–35 weeks who had been hospitalized in the NICU. Nesting positions were given using linen or towels. The procedure of heel lance was recorded on camera. The camera recordings were evaluated according to the NIPS and the COMFORTneo scale. Saliva samples were obtained five minutes prior to and 30 min after the heel lance procedure. Salivary Cortisol and Melatonin were measured using the Salimetrics Cortisol Elisa Kit and the Salimetrics Melatonin Elisa Kit.
The crying time, the mean NIPS score, the COMFORTneo score, the COMFORTneo NRS-pain scores and the COMFORTneo NRS-distress scores for premature neonates who were in the prone position during the procedure were significantly lower than the scores in the supine position (p < 0.000). Furthermore, the level of salivary cortisol five minutes prior to and 30 min after the heel lance procedure had significantly decreased in the prone position; however, there were insignificant differences in the mean levels of salivary melatonin between the positions.
Nesting in the prone position has a pain reducing effect, enhancing comfort and reducing stress in premature infants.
Disponível Em: <https://www.pediatr-neonatol.com/>